MOTION-- Los Angeles still experiences some of the worst air quality in the nation, a reality that is
especially pronounced in the environmental justice communities adjacent to the Port of Los
Angeles. In 2017, the cities of Los Angeles and Long Beach signed a joint declaration to
achieve 100% zero emissions (ZE) cargo handling equipment by 2030 and 100% ZE drayage
trucks by 2035. In 2020, Governor Newsom signed executive order N-79-20 directing the
California Air Resources Board to develop and propose regulations to achieve a goal of 100%
ZE drayage statewide by 2035. Governor Newsom also signed AB 639 (Cervantes) which
requires the state to identify policies and programs to mitigate the employment impacts of
automation and transitioning of port operations to low- and zero-emission operations.
The joint Los Angeles-Long Beach Clean Air Action Plan (CAAP) committed both ports to
reaching key goals across all aspects of their operations. The guiding principles of the plan are
to reduce air emissions and associated health risks expeditiously from port-related operations,
to create new workforce opportunities associated with “green” goods movement, to ensure
equity between men and women who move cargo at the ports, and to establish a transparent
and inclusive process for advancing these goals. The CAAP sets the goal to reduce residential
cancer risk from port-related diesel particulate matter (DPM) emissions by 85% by 2020, to
reduce port-related emissions by 59% for nitrogen oxides (NOx) by 2023, to reduce sulfur
oxides (SOx) by 93% by 2023, to reduce DPM by 77% by 2023, and to reduce greenhouse gas
emissions to 40% below 1990 levels by 2030.
A critical element in the 2017 CAAP update is the establishment of a Clean Truck Fund (CTF)
Rate as part of the Clean Truck Program to help incentivize the transition to ZE drayage trucks.
The first clean truck program, adopted in 2007 with a $35/TEU rate, was successful at
transitioning the heavy duty truck fleet operating at the port. The port’s latest emissions
inventories (2020) show that since 2005, truck-related DPM emissions had a 98% reduction,
NOx an 83% reduction, and SOx a 92% reduction. On November 4, 2021 the Board of Harbor
Commissioners approved a new S10/TEU Clean Truck Fund rate that will be paid by cargo
owners (and not drayage truck drivers) and whose funds will be used exclusively to subsidize
ZE trucks and infrastructure.
The South Coast Air Quality Management District (SCAQMD) has been working toward an MOU
with the ports since 2017, following a successful precedent of an MOU with LAWA. An MOU
would commit the ports and SCAQMD to jointly achieving CAAP goals, in the near term focused
on programs to reduce emissions from trucks and cargo handling equipment. An MOU is a
preferential approach to achieving significant air quality improvements at the port, because it is
based on the collaborative stakeholder process embodied in the CAAP. In order to deliver on
the public health and climate goals contemplated through the CAAP process, and due to the
long useful life of newly purchased equipment, an MOU must exclusively benefit and prioritize
ZE technology. Especially as the port contemplates large infrastructure improvements, it must
immediately lay a strong foundation for a zero emissions (ZE) future.
I THEREFORE MOVE that the Harbor Department work collaboratively with SCAQMD and the
Port of Long Beach to develop and agree on an MOU that facilitates achieving the CAAP goals
while exclusively utilizing ZE programs and technology for trucks and cargo handling equipment.
Deployment of ZE technology should be to firms in compliance with state law including AB 794
and SB 338.
I FURTHER MOVE that the Harbor Department report within 90 days, and on a semi-annual
basis thereafter, on efforts to achieve the ZE goals of the CAAP, including any development of
ZE policies, programs, targets, and measures in all five source categories of ocean-going
vessels, harbor craft, cargo handling equipment, locomotives, and trucks. This also includes
providing updates on critical supporting work to ensure the decarbonization of port operations.
Specifically, these updates should include technology readiness, investment from public and
private sources (and learnings from the Clean Truck ZE Funding Program RFI), workforce or
employment impacts, technology demonstration projects and pilots, strategies for achieving high
labor and jobs standards, and desired state and federal actions.